Some people have an eye for detail. They notice what others miss.

These observant types are not born that way. They expend the effort to watch what’s going on in their midst — and capture subtleties that help them forge connections and solve problems.

If you want to see more acutely what’s happening around you, train your brain to work to your advantage. To strengthen your observational skills:

Get ready. Lay the groundwork to absorb more details by mentally priming your brain. Filter sensory input so that you’re ready to focus on what matters most.

Before entering a meeting, for example, ask yourself, “What people do I need to pay the most attention to?” Identify in advance what you want to learn about those individuals, such as their attitude, opinions or commitment level to their job.

“Don’t hope that good observation just happens,” said Jason Womack, an executive coach in Ojai, Calif. “Prethought helps you be more present and heightens your overall awareness.”

Stay in the moment. If you tend to dwell on past incidents or fret about the future, you can wind up overlooking what’s happening now. Reliving your anger from an earlier argument — or worrying about a big presentation you’re scheduled to deliver tomorrow — can leave you distracted and less dialed in to the present.

“You want to place yourself in the here and now,” said Womack, author of “Your Best Just Got Better.” “Otherwise, you might miss something right in front of you.”

Flex your mental muscles. Like a runner training for a marathon, gain strength in increments. Work toward a goal of becoming a keen observer.

Practice by trying to see and retain more in routine encounters throughout the day. Each time you strive to detect more details, you sharpen your skills.

“When you walk into a familiar room like a colleague’s office, notice one thing you’ve never noticed before or something new about that person,” Womack said. “That way, when the stakes are higher, you’ll train the brain to notice more details.”

Snap photos. Keep a camera handy to memorialize aspects of your everyday environment. Then look at the images later and note details in the background that you previously missed.

When he carries a camera, Womack finds that he’s more observant. He visually scans his surroundings and highlights interesting details, snapping photos at will.

“You can take a photo of the room where you’ll be speaking, a whiteboard before you erase it or a page from a book you’re reading,” he said. “Then you can send the photo to someone and say, ‘Let’s discuss this later.’ Or you can send it to yourself so that you see it again later with fresh eyes.”

Change your lens. Imagine you’re seeing the world from a different angle. Walk the factory floor as if you’re a time traveler arriving from another era. Or pretend you’re a child taking a field trip to your workplace.

“We tend to develop a frame of reference over time,” said Jeff Toister, a customer-service consultant in San Diego, Calif. “By changing your perspective, you’re more likely to notice something you’ve never seen before.”

Take periodic pauses. You’re less apt to digest details if you multitask or rush from activity to activity. Constant busyness can limit your powers of observation.

“As a routine, I’ll stop every few minutes, step back and just look around,” said Toister, author of “The Service Culture Handbook.” “It’s important to create a procedure to change your focus.”